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Friday, April 6, 2012

Effect of a structured warm up programme on injuries prevention

The effect of a revised programme on lower extremity injury rate was examined in 65 female clubs in Norway over one playing season (8 months). Sixty clubs served as the control group.

Intervention
An expert group organized by FIFA with representatives from the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, the Santa Monica Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Research Foundation, and the FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre developed a warm up programme for injury prevention. The programme has 3 parts
  • Running exercises (about 8 minutes)
  • Strength, plyometrics and exercises for balance (about 10min)
  • Running exercises (about 2 minutes)

Exercises were adapted to the level of players and are shown below.




Source: FIFA website.

What we have learned from this study
  • In the group that received the injury prevention programme, a lower risk of injuries overall, overuse injuries and severe injuries was recorded in one playing season.
  • It is worth noting that the risk of injury was decreased by about 1/3 and the risk of severe injury by about 1/2 with this warm up programme.

Source
Soligard et al (2008). Comprehensive warm-up programme to prevent injuries in young female footballers: cluster randomized controlled trial. BMJ 337:a2469.

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